Basti District lies between 20.000 and 27.300 North latitude and between 80.150 and 83.800 longitude and 124 metre above the mean sea level. The major rivers of the district are Quano, Manwar, Aami and Ghaghra. Average annual rainfall of the district is 915 mm, out of which 68 percent falls during the month of July to August causing sporadic floods and water stagnation in low lying area. Occasional situations are continuous biting into the vitals of Rice-Wheat, Rice-Wheat-Sugarcane cropping system and there be affecting the economic status of farming community.
|S. N.||Farming System / Enterprise|
|1||Rice – wheat based , Rice-Wheat-Sugarcane|
|2||Paddy + Toria + Sugarcane based, Urd + Wheat|
|3||Urd + Potato + Onion + Okra|
|4||Crop Production + Vegitabal|
|5||Crop Production + Vegitable + Poultry + Fish Production Enterprises|
North Eastern Plain Zone consists of 11 districts viz. Bahraich, Sravasti, Gonda, Balrampur, Siddarth Nagar, Basti, Santkabir Nagar, Gorakhpur, Mahrajganj, Kushi Nagar and Deoria. It has an area of 33217 sq. km. which is 11.3% of the total area of the entire state. It has dence population about 1,59,66,722 which accounts for 15.37% of the population of the state. The average density of the population is 491.2/sq.km.
There are two types of soil, namely alluvial and calcareous. Alluvial soils are either sandy, sandy loam or clay loam. Besides, diara lands area are also found in this zone. Rice–wheat is common crop rotation under irrigated condition. The deficiency of nutrients like nitrogen, phosphorus, zinc, sulphur and iron are mostly observed in this zone. The organic matter content varies between 0.20 to 0.40% and pH 6.0 to 8.5.
On the basis of the topography, soil types and irrigation availability, the district may be divided into five major Agro-Ecological Situation (AES) as given below :
|AES-I||Irrigated loam soil||(ha) : 79,230
(%) : 38
|AES-II||Irrigated sandy loam soil||(ha) : 41,700
(%) : 20
|AES-III||Irrigated sandy soil||(ha) : 29,190
(%) : 14
|AES-IV||Rain fed sandy / Loam soil||(ha) : 25,020
(%) : 12
|AES-V||Flood prone / Water logged||(ha) : 33,360
(%) : 16
Basti district lies between 20.00° and 27.30° North latitude and between 80.15° and 83.80° longitude and 124 meter above the mean sea level. The major rivers of the district are Quano, Manwar, Aami and Ghaghra. Average annual rainfall of the district is 1020 mm, out of which 68 per cent falls during the month of June to September, causing sporadic floods and water stagnation in low lying area. Occasional situations are continuous biting into the vitals of Rice-Wheat cropping system and there by affecting the economic status of farming community.
There are three categories of the farmers in the district namely Resource Rich (RR), Resource Poor (RP) and Landless Labourers (L.L.).
|S.N.||AES - I||AES - II||AES - III||AES - IV||AES - V|
|1||Resource rich*||Paddy, wheat + mustard, sugarcane, gram, pea, lentil, summer urd and moong, berseem, mango, potato, dairy (graded buffalo & cow), fisheries.||Paddy, wheat + mustard, sugarcane, arhar, gram, pea, lentil, toria, mustard, tobacco, mango, potato, Cauliflower, tomato, chari, berseem, dairy (cross bred, deshi cow and graded buffalo), fisheries.||Maize, wheat+ mustard, arhar+urd+jowar, sesamum, toria, sugarcane, pea, chari, berseem, potato, tomato, onion, mango, jackfruit, aonla, cross bred & deshi cows, fisheris.||Maize, wheat + mustard, arhar + urd + jowar, sugarcane, chari, mango, jackfruit, mahua, dairy (deshi buffalo and cow).||Late paddy - wheat + mustard, sugarcane, parval, berseem, mango, guava, dairy (murrah, buffalo and deshi cow.|
|2||Resource poor**||Paddy, wheat + mustard sugarcane, pea, potato, onion, okra, berseem, dairy (buffaol &cow)||Paddy, wheat + mustard, sugarcane, pea, tobacco, mango, parval, potato, brinjal, tomato, onion, chari, berseem, buffalo and cow non-descriptive breed.||Maize + arhar, wheat + mustard, arhar + urd + jowar, toria, sugarcane, chari, berseem, potato, brinjal, cauliflower, cabbage, tomato, okra, mango, jackfruit, dairy (deshi cow & buffalo).||Maize wheat + mustard, arhar + urd + jowar, sugarcane, chari, mango, jackfruit, deshi buffalo, cow, goat, poultry.||Late paddy, wheat + mustard, sugarcane, parval, guava, deshi buffalo, cow, goat.|
|3||Landless ***||Labour + buffalo, goat, poultry||Labour + buffalo, goat, pig.||Labour + buffalo, cow, goat, poultry, pig.||Labour + goat, pig, sheep||Labour + goat, poultry, fishing|
* Resource Rich – Farmers with medium to large land holding size, assured irrigation, ploughing facilities and good credit support.
** Resource Poor – Farmers with marginal to small land holding size, occasionally assured irrigation, without tractor and low/no credit support.
***Landless – Land on lease or without land.Land on lease or without land.
|S.N.||Soil Type's||Characteristics||Area in ha|
|1||Sandy Soil||41700||This type of soil contains about 80% sand and 10% silt and 10% clay. It is highly porosis and poor water retention capacity.|
|2||Sandy Loam Soil||37530||The loamy soil contains about 50-80% comparatively less percent of silt and clay, which is about 15-25% and 10-20% respectively.|
|3||Loam Soil||83400||The loam soil may be defined as a mixture of sand, silt and clay articles which exhibit about 30-50% sand and silt and 10-30 % clay participant.|
|4||Clay Loam Soil||45870||This soil carries about 35 % clay particles and silt particles and contains about 30% of sand unit. This type of soil can easily retain moisture and it is sticky in nature.|
|S.N.||Crop||Area (ha)||Production (mt)||Productivity (Qtl / ha)|
|Month||Rainfall (mm)||Temperature (C)|
|April 2014||Minimum : 26
Maximum : 34
|May 2014||Minimum : 28
Maximum : 37
|June 2014||24.3||Minimum : 29
Maximum : 44
|July 2014||276.8||Minimum : 30
Maximum : 38
|August 2014||121.8||Minimum : 28
Maximum : 34
|September 2014||148.7||Minimum : 25
Maximum : 36
|Crossbred||14975||56922 lit||6.0 lit/day|
|Indigenous||94622||94644 lit||2.0 lit /day|
|Goat||144455||1644550 lit||10 kg/year|
|Crossbred||2409||132495 kg||55 kg/year|
|Indigenous||14866||445980 kg||30 kg/year|
|S.N.||Taluk||Name of the Block||Name of the Village||Major Crops & Enterprises||Major Problem Identified||Identified Thrust Areas|
|1||Basti||Sadar||Awastipur||Til, Paddy, Wheat, Sugarcane||Low yield of oil seed, pulse&corial crops||Promotion of HYV & plant protection major|
|2||Harraiya||Kaptanganj||Kharikadeori & Pariwarpur||Paddy wheat sugarcane vegetable||Low yield||HYV & Plant protection Major|
|3||Basti Sadar||Bahadurpur||Bhelwal||Til, Paddy, Wheat, Potato||Unbalance use of HPK Low yield of pulse & cereal||Low Production|
|4||Basti Sadar||Gaur||Kutahana||Til, Paddy, Wheat, Potato||Unbalance use of HPK Low yield of pulse & cereal||Low Production|