District Profile

Basti District lies between 20.000 and 27.300 North latitude and between 80.150 and 83.800 longitude and 124 metre above the mean sea level. The major rivers of the district are Quano, Manwar, Aami and Ghaghra. Average annual rainfall of the district is 915 mm, out of which 68 percent falls during the month of July to August causing sporadic floods and water stagnation in low lying area. Occasional situations are continuous biting into the vitals of Rice-Wheat, Rice-Wheat-Sugarcane cropping system and there be affecting the economic status of farming community.

Major Farming Systems / Enterprises

Major Farming Systems / Enterprises (based on the analysis made by the KVK)

S. N. Farming System / Enterprise
1 Rice – wheat based , Rice-Wheat-Sugarcane
2 Paddy + Toria + Sugarcane based, Urd + Wheat
3 Urd + Potato + Onion + Okra
4 Crop Production + Vegitabal
5 Crop Production + Vegitable + Poultry + Fish Production Enterprises

Description of Agro-climatic Zone & major agro ecological situations (based on soil and topography)

North Eastern Plain Zone consists of 11 districts viz. Bahraich, Sravasti, Gonda, Balrampur, Siddarth Nagar, Basti, Santkabir Nagar, Gorakhpur, Mahrajganj, Kushi Nagar and Deoria. It has an area of 33217 sq. km. which is 11.3% of the total area of the entire state. It has dence population about 1,59,66,722 which accounts for 15.37% of the population of the state. The average density of the population is 491.2/sq.km.

There are two types of soil, namely alluvial and calcareous. Alluvial soils are either sandy, sandy loam or clay loam. Besides, diara lands area are also found in this zone. Rice–wheat is common crop rotation under irrigated condition. The deficiency of nutrients like nitrogen, phosphorus, zinc, sulphur and iron are mostly observed in this zone. The organic matter content varies between 0.20 to 0.40% and pH 6.0 to 8.5.

Agro - Ecological Situations

On the basis of the topography, soil types and irrigation availability, the district may be divided into five major Agro-Ecological Situation (AES) as given below :

AES Situation Area Covered
AES-I Irrigated loam soil (ha) : 79,230
(%) : 38
AES-II Irrigated sandy loam soil (ha) : 41,700
(%) : 20
AES-III Irrigated sandy soil (ha) : 29,190
(%) : 14
AES-IV Rain fed sandy / Loam soil (ha) : 25,020
(%) : 12
AES-V Flood prone / Water logged (ha) : 33,360
(%) : 16

Farming system analysis of Basti District

Basti district lies between 20.00° and 27.30° North latitude and between 80.15° and 83.80° longitude and 124 meter above the mean sea level. The major rivers of the district are Quano, Manwar, Aami and Ghaghra. Average annual rainfall of the district is 1020 mm, out of which 68 per cent falls during the month of June to September, causing sporadic floods and water stagnation in low lying area. Occasional situations are continuous biting into the vitals of Rice-Wheat cropping system and there by affecting the economic status of farming community.

There are three categories of the farmers in the district namely Resource Rich (RR), Resource Poor (RP) and Landless Labourers (L.L.).

Agro - Economical Situations (AESs)

1 Resource rich* Paddy, wheat + mustard, sugarcane, gram, pea, lentil, summer urd and moong, berseem, mango, potato, dairy (graded buffalo & cow), fisheries. Paddy, wheat + mustard, sugarcane, arhar, gram, pea, lentil, toria, mustard, tobacco, mango, potato, Cauliflower, tomato, chari, berseem, dairy (cross bred, deshi cow and graded buffalo), fisheries. Maize, wheat+ mustard, arhar+urd+jowar, sesamum, toria, sugarcane, pea, chari, berseem, potato, tomato, onion, mango, jackfruit, aonla, cross bred & deshi cows, fisheris. Maize, wheat + mustard, arhar + urd + jowar, sugarcane, chari, mango, jackfruit, mahua, dairy (deshi buffalo and cow). Late paddy - wheat + mustard, sugarcane, parval, berseem, mango, guava, dairy (murrah, buffalo and deshi cow.
2 Resource poor** Paddy, wheat + mustard sugarcane, pea, potato, onion, okra, berseem, dairy (buffaol &cow) Paddy, wheat + mustard, sugarcane, pea, tobacco, mango, parval, potato, brinjal, tomato, onion, chari, berseem, buffalo and cow non-descriptive breed. Maize + arhar, wheat + mustard, arhar + urd + jowar, toria, sugarcane, chari, berseem, potato, brinjal, cauliflower, cabbage, tomato, okra, mango, jackfruit, dairy (deshi cow & buffalo). Maize wheat + mustard, arhar + urd + jowar, sugarcane, chari, mango, jackfruit, deshi buffalo, cow, goat, poultry. Late paddy, wheat + mustard, sugarcane, parval, guava, deshi buffalo, cow, goat.
3 Landless *** Labour + buffalo, goat, poultry Labour + buffalo, goat, pig. Labour + buffalo, cow, goat, poultry, pig. Labour + goat, pig, sheep Labour + goat, poultry, fishing

Existing farming systems in different resource situations each Agro Ecological situation

* Resource Rich – Farmers with medium to large land holding size, assured irrigation, ploughing facilities and good credit support.

** Resource Poor – Farmers with marginal to small land holding size, occasionally assured irrigation, without tractor and low/no credit support.

***Landless – Land on lease or without land.Land on lease or without land.

Soil Type's

S.N. Soil Type's Characteristics Area in ha
1 Sandy Soil 41700 This type of soil contains about 80% sand and 10% silt and 10% clay. It is highly porosis and poor water retention capacity.
2 Sandy Loam Soil 37530 The loamy soil contains about 50-80% comparatively less percent of silt and clay, which is about 15-25% and 10-20% respectively.
3 Loam Soil 83400 The loam soil may be defined as a mixture of sand, silt and clay articles which exhibit about 30-50% sand and silt and 10-30 % clay participant.
4 Clay Loam Soil 45870 This soil carries about 35 % clay particles and silt particles and contains about 30% of sand unit. This type of soil can easily retain moisture and it is sticky in nature.

Agro - Economical Situations (AESs)

S.N. Crop Area (ha) Production (mt) Productivity (Qtl / ha)
1 Rice 122.176 316.82 25.93
2 Wheat 116.212 337.451 29.04
3 Maize 2.502 9.404 17.6
4 Lentil 17.83 15.71 8.81
5 Gram 10.74 12.64 11.77
6 Pea 4.783 6.84 14.32
7 Rai 2.521 2.872 11.39
8 Sesamum 0.159 .035 2.20
9 Groundnut .001 .001 10.0
10 Urd 1.92 1.28 6.69

Weather Data

Month Rainfall (mm) Temperature (C)
April 2014 Minimum : 26
Maximum : 34
May 2014 Minimum : 28
Maximum : 37
June 2014 24.3 Minimum : 29
Maximum : 44
July 2014 276.8 Minimum : 30
Maximum : 38
August 2014 121.8 Minimum : 28
Maximum : 34
September 2014 148.7 Minimum : 25
Maximum : 36

Production and Productivity of livestock, Poultry, Fisheries etc. in the district

Category Population Production Productivity
Crossbred 14975 56922 lit 6.0 lit/day
Indigenous 94622 94644 lit 2.0 lit /day
Buffalo 118026 236052 lit 4.0/lit/day
Crossbred 1440
Indigenous 10620
Goat 144455 1644550 lit 10 kg/year
Crossbred 2409 132495 kg 55 kg/year
Indigenous 14866 445980 kg 30 kg/year
Desi 12500 1700000 200 egg/year
Improved 78930 357860 2 kg
Ducks 750
Fisheries 25.0 q/ha

Details of Operational Area / Villages (2014-15)

S.N. Taluk Name of the Block Name of the Village Major Crops & Enterprises Major Problem Identified Identified Thrust Areas
1 Basti Sadar Awastipur Til, Paddy, Wheat, Sugarcane Low yield of oil seed, pulse&corial crops Promotion of HYV & plant protection major
2 Harraiya Kaptanganj Kharikadeori & Pariwarpur Paddy wheat sugarcane vegetable Low yield HYV & Plant protection Major
3 Basti Sadar Bahadurpur Bhelwal Til, Paddy, Wheat, Potato Unbalance use of HPK Low yield of pulse & cereal Low Production
4 Basti Sadar Gaur Kutahana Til, Paddy, Wheat, Potato Unbalance use of HPK Low yield of pulse & cereal Low Production

Priority / Thrust Areas

  1. Low yield of oil seed, Pulses &Cereals.
  2. Management of crop in flood prone areas.
  3. Promotion of resources conservation technologies.
  4. Low yield of Mango ,Aonla,Papaya and vegetable crops .
  5. Promotion of high – tech vegetable production.
  6. Raising productivity of buffalo and development of cattle ,goat, farming and fodder crop.
  7. Entrepreneurship development in rural youths.
  8. Integrated inland fisheries.
  9. Drudgery reduction, skill and entrepreneurship development in farm women.